Wesley, John

(1703–91)
   Denomination Founder.
   Wesley was the fifteenth child of the Rector of Epworth, in Humberside, England. He was educated at the University of Oxford and he was ordained to the Church of England ministry. He took over the leadership of the ‘Holy Club’ at Oxford, an earnest society dedicated to spiritual growth founded by his brother Charles wesley and George whitefield. In 1735 he went with Charles to the American colonies to convert the Indians, but the project was not a success and he returned to England in 1738. That same year he underwent a conversion experience. After spending time with the Moravians and Count zinzendorf, he began his career ‘to reform the nation and to spread scriptural holiness over the land’. The rest of his life was dedicated to preaching – frequently out of doors at mass meetings.
   He covered an average of eight thousand miles a year on horseback. In 1744 he held a conference of lay preachers which was to become the annual Methodist Conference. He himself remained within the Church of England but in 1784 he ordained without episcopal authority Thomas coke to work for the new Methodist organisation in America. His organisation was initially a private society, but in 1784 he formally established ‘the Conference of the People called Methodists’ which included all preachers. Then, in 1787, Methodist Chapels were registered as Dissenting Meeting Houses. Today there are Methodist Churches throughout the world, although there have been several subsequent splits in the movement.
   W.R. Cannon, The Theology of John Wesley (1946);
   R.E. Davies, Methodism (1963);
   A.C. Outler (ed.), John Wesley (1964);
   H.D. Rack, Reasonable Enthusiast: John Wesley and the Rise of Methodism (1989);
   A.S. Wood, The Burning Heart (1967).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wesley, John — ( 1703 1791 )    founder of Methodism    John Wesley was born on June 17, 1703, at Epworth, England, the 15th of 19 children born to Samuel and Susannah Wesley. His father was an Anglican priest. His mother was a Puritan, notable for her learning …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Wesley John — Football player infobox| playername= Wesley John fullname =Wesley John nickname = dateofbirth = birth date and age|1976|10|4 cityofbirth = Kingstown countryofbirth = St. Vincent height = height|ft=6|in=0 currentclub = C.D. Portosantense… …   Wikipedia

  • Wesley, John — (1703–1791) Anglican clergyman, evangelist, and cofounder of Methodism. The 15th child of a former Nonconformist minister, he graduated from Oxford University and became a priest in the Church of England in 1728. From 1729 he participated in a… …   Universalium

  • Wesley, John — ► (1705 91) Reformador británico, fundador del metodismo. Fomentó el desarrollo del metodismo como secta disidente con ordenación obligatoria y otras medidas. Los escritos de Wesley son, en su mayoría, refundiciones de obras antiguas y modernas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wesley, John — (17 June 1703, Epworth, Lincolnshire, England – 2 March 1791, London)    Anglican priest who, along with his brother Charles Wesley, founded Methodism. He profoundly influenced hymnody in England and America through a series of hymnals beginning… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Wesley,John — Wes·ley (wĕsʹlē, wĕzʹ ), John. 1703 1791. British religious leader who founded Methodism (1738). His brother Charles (1707 1788) wrote thousands of hymns, including “Hark, the Herald Angels Sing.” * * * …   Universalium

  • Wesley, John — (1703 1791)    Theological writer, diarist, and founder of Methodism, was the second surviving s. of the Rev. Samuel W., Rector of Epworth, Lincolnshire. The name was also written Westley and Wellesley, and the family appears to be the same as… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Wesley, John — (1928 Los Angeles ) (USA)    Painter. Beginning in the early 1960s he has produced Pop Art like images based on cartoonish characters rendered in flat color areas, often with erotic overtones. Best known for his rendering of animals.… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • WESLEY, JOHN —    the founder of Methodism, born at Epworth, in Lincolnshire, son of the rector; was educated at the Charterhouse and at Lincoln College, Oxford, of which he became a Fellow; while there he and his brother, with others, were distinguished for… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • WESLEY, John — (1703 179l)    English founder of METHODISM who was influenced by German MORAVIAN PIETY and ZINZENDORF. He experienced a dramatic CONVERSION at a PRAYER MEETING in 1738 at Aldersgate Street, London which led him to abandon controversial FORMS of… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.